Other bird species threatened by the brown tree snake include the Mariana crow , the Mariana swiftlet , and the Micronesian starling , though populations are present on other islands, including Rota.
Government and society
Japan's defence ministry warned on 8 August that it was possible that Pyongyang had mastered miniaturisation. North Korea would also need a reliable delivery system for any bomb. Its proven short- and medium-range missiles could reach South Korea and Japan. In July it test-launched two intercontinental ballistic missiles, placing US cities in range of potential attack, according to US experts. France and Germany also called on all sides to use restraint. Tensions in the region have risen since North Korea carried out two nuclear bomb tests last year and test-launched two intercontinental ballistic missiles last month.
The UN security council responded last weekend by unanimously agreeing sanctions designed to deprive the regime of around a billion US dollars in hard currency. Guam, a sq mile sovereign US territory in the western Pacific Ocean, is used by America as a strategic military base.
Before the introduction of the brown tree snake, Guam was home to several endemic bird species. Among them were the Guam rail or ko'ko' bird in Chamorro and the Guam flycatcher , both common throughout the island. Today the flycatcher is entirely extinct and the Guam rail is extinct in the wild but bred in captivity by the Division of Aquatic and Wildlife Resources.
The devastation caused by the snake has been significant over the past several decades. As many as twelve bird species are believed to have been driven to extinction. Other bird species threatened by the brown tree snake include the Mariana crow , the Mariana swiftlet , and the Micronesian starling , though populations are present on other islands, including Rota.
Guam is said to have many more insects and 40 times more spiders than neighboring islands, because their natural predators birds are severely diminished, and the forests are almost completely silent due to lack of birdsong. An infestation of the coconut rhinoceros beetle CRB , Oryctes rhinoceros , was detected on Guam on September 12, Delimiting surveys performed September 13—25, , indicated that the infestation was limited to Tumon Bay and Faifai Beach, an area of approximately acres 3.
From the seventeenth through nineteenth centuries, the Spanish introduced pigs, dogs, chickens, the Philippine deer Rusa mariannus , black francolins , and carabao a subspecies of water buffalo , which have cultural significance. Herds of carabao obstruct military base operations and harm native ecosystems. After birth control and adoption efforts were ineffective, the U. Reports of loud chirping frogs native to Puerto Rico and known as coquí , that may have arrived from Hawaii, have led to fears that the noise could threaten Guam's tourism.
Guam has no native amphibian species, but now a total of eight amphibian species has been established in Guam. Litoria fallax native to the eastern coast of Australia has been present in Guam since , and Rhinella marina the cane toad was brought to the island in The other 6 amphibian species, namely Hylarana guentheri native to mainland Asia , Microhyla pulchra native to mainland Asia , Polypedates braueri endemic to Taiwan , Eleutherodactylus planirostris native to the Caribbean , Fejervarya cancrivora the Guam variety being most closely related to F.
Introduced feral pigs and deer, over-hunting, and habitat loss from human development are also major factors in the decline and loss of Guam's native plants and animals. Invading animal species are not the only threat to Guam's native flora.
Tinangaja, a virus affecting coconut palms, was first observed on the island in when copra production was still a major part of Guam's economy. Though coconut plantations no longer exist on the island, the dead and infected trees that have resulted from the epidemic are seen throughout the forests of Guam. During the past century, the dense forests of northern Guam have been largely replaced by thick tangan-tangan brush Leucaena leucocephala.
In , the U. Tangan-tangan was present on the island before In southern Guam, non-native grass species dominate much of the landscape. Although the colorful and impressive flame tree Delonix regia is found throughout the Marianas, the tree on Guam has been largely decimated.
Wildfires plague the forested areas of Guam every dry season despite the island's humid climate. Invasive grass species that rely on fire as part of their natural life cycle grow in many regularly burned areas. Grasslands and "barrens" have replaced previously forested areas leading to greater soil erosion. During the rainy season, sediment is carried by the heavy rains into the Fena Lake Reservoir and Ugum River , leading to water quality problems for southern Guam.
Eroded silt also destroys the marine life in reefs around the island. Soil stabilization efforts by volunteers and forestry workers planting trees have had little success in preserving natural habitats. Efforts have been made to protect Guam's coral reef habitats from pollution, eroded silt and overfishing, problems that have led to decreased fish populations.
This has both ecological and economic value, as Guam is a significant vacation spot for scuba divers. In recent years, the Department of Agriculture, Division of Aquatic and Wildlife Resources has established several new marine preserves where fish populations are monitored by biologists.
Environmental Protection Agency standards, portions of Tumon Bay were dredged by the hotel chains to provide a better experience for hotel guests. A federal Guam National Wildlife Refuge in northern Guam protects the decimated sea turtle population in addition to a small colony of Mariana fruit bats. The green sea turtle Chelonia mydas was harvested legally on Guam before August , when it was listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act.
The hawksbill sea turtle Eretmochelys imbricata has been on the endangered list since In an effort to ensure protection of sea turtles on Guam, routine sightings are counted during aerial surveys and nest sites are recorded and monitored for hatchlings. Pacific Islands University is a small Christian liberal arts institution nationally accredited by the Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools.
They offer courses at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. The Guam Department of Education serves the entire island of Guam. In , 32, students attended Guam's public schools. Guam Public Schools have struggled with problems such as high dropout rates and poor test scores.
Before September , the U. Department of Defense partnered with Guam Board of Education. In addition, the U. Naval Hospital in Agana Heights serves active-duty members and dependents of the military community. Over the years, a number of films have been shot on Guam, including Shiro's Head directed by the Muna brothers and the government-funded Max Havoc: Curse of the Dragon From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the Territory of Guam. Marines laying machine gun fire on a Japanese sniper nest during the liberation battle on Guam, July 28, Aerial view of Apra Harbor. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Communications in Guam and Transportation in Guam. List of schools in Guam. Guam Territory of the US ". Archived from the original on December 3, Retrieved August 26, Archived from the original on May 15, Retrieved April 5, Archived from the original on February 9, Retrieved February 9, Archived from the original on July 21, Retrieved November 14, Retrieved October 31, A History of Guam.
University of Hawaii Press. Website Archived February 27, , at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved June 13, Retrieved September 19, The Journal of Pacific History.
Archived from the original PDF on January 20, The Not-Quite States of America: Territories and Possessions State Report Series. A Complete History of Guam. Magellan's voyage around the world; three contemporary accounts.
The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 1, Archived from the original on August 15, Retrieved August 19, Retrieved August 11, Official site of Guam , April 19, Retrieved April 19, , from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 27, Retrieved May 2, Archived copy as title link. Retrieved 23 September Explicit use of et al.
Retrieved November 8, from "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 13, Retrieved November 8, Archived from the original on March 7, Retrieved February 26, Archived from the original on January 7, Archived from the original on February 7, Retrieved June 16, Archived from the original on August 27, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on October 31, Retrieved November 17, Archived from the original on January 20, Retrieved 9 September Retrieved September 9, Archived from the original on September 5, Retrieved September 12, Retrieved August 27, Archived from the original on November 14, Retrieved August 9, Archived from the original PDF on October 29, Retrieved July 19, Archived from the original on May 11, Retrieved August 20, Pacific News Center May 5, Retrieved October 5, About jobs here on dependent on the airline.
Retrieved November 16, Archived from the original on June 17, Archived from the original on February 28, Retrieved February 27, The choice should be the result of the freely expressed will and desire of the peoples of the Non-Self-Governing Territories. Archived from the original on May 12, Retrieved December 28, Guam Central to Asia-Pacific Strategy.
American Forces Press Service. Deak August 5, North American Numbering Plan Administration. Archived PDF from the original on November 26, Retrieved October 12, Planning Tools Trip Planner. The territorial tree of Guam used for making cultural carvings and other household items. Specials Spa Feb 28, - Apr 1, Focus on yourself today. Traveler Essentials Guam Profile: US Dollar Political Status: The 39th Japan Autumn Festival Akimatsuri.
Electric Island Festival, December 1. Tour of Guam Cycling.