Option d'achat d'actions: le NPD veut éclaircir les plans

 


Leading economic indicators are like road signs, pointing to what lies ahead for the economy Taxation of Employee Stock Options. The issuance of shares upon the option exercise does not provide a tax deduction to the employer.

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On the CALLS side of the options chain, the YieldBoost formula looks for the highest premiums a call seller can receive expressed in terms of the extra yield against the current share price — the boost — delivered by the option premium , with strikes that are out-of-the-money with low odds of the stock being called away.

On the PUTS side of the options chain, the YieldBoost formula considers that the option seller makes a commitment to put up a certain amount of cash to buy the stock at a given strike, and looks for the highest premiums a put seller can receive expressed in terms of the extra yield against the cash commitment — the boost — delivered by the option premium , with strikes that are out-of-the-money with low odds of the stock being put to the option seller.

The results of these rankings are meant to express the top most ''interesting'' options identified by the formula, which are meant as a research tool for users to generate ideas that merit further research. GM — Most Active Contract: Current Odds Put Expires Worthless: Odds Of Expiring Worthless History: The values in this column are grayed out for in-the-money options reflecting the fact that the stock is at high risk to be put to the option seller, whereas the YieldBoost calculation requires the put option to expire worthless and never be exercised.

No fundamental business-level data for the company itself is considered. In other words this value shown is purely based upon observable market data past and present, which is never a guarantee of future price movement and is therefore merely a research tool investors can utilize in combination with other forms of analysis.

Market data is inherently error prone, and none of the information presented should be considered to be free of errors or relied upon for any investing decisions. None of the information contained herein constitutes a recommendation that any particular security, portfolio, transaction, or investment strategy is suitable for any specific person. Accordingly, this income cannot be offset by a capital loss including any capital loss realized on the subsequent sale of any optioned shares at a trading value that has declined following the exercise of the options.

However, typically the employer will look to the employee exercising the options to fund the required withholding. Consequently, it may be necessary for the employee to immediately sell some shares acquired to satisfy the tax remittance in addition to the acquisition costs to exercise the stock options. The issuance of shares upon the option exercise does not provide a tax deduction to the employer.

Stock options of Canadian Controlled Private Corporations. In contrast to the taxation upon exercise for public company stock options, where stock options are issued by a Canadian Controlled Private Corporation CCPC , the taxation of the employment benefit is deferred until the employee disposes of the shares. This deferral recognizes the reduced liquidity for CCPC shares versus public company shares.

In addition, the aforementioned requirements to withhold and remit source deductions for the taxable stock option employment benefit do not apply where the taxation of the benefit is deferred under the above rules applicable to CCPCs.

As previously outlined, the acquisition costs to exercise the options and the stock option benefit i. However, where an employee already owns other shares of the employer company, the ACB of all identical shares will be averaged amongst the total shares held.

Alternatively, where stock options are exercised and the optioned shares are sold immediately, or within 30 days of exercise and no other identical shares are acquired or disposed during this period , the ACB of the optioned shares sold will not be averaged and can be isolated to that specific sale of the newly-optioned shares to prevent the recognition of any accrued gain or loss on the existing shares held.

Often, a Canadian resident is employed by a Canadian subsidiary of a U. In addition, if the employee provided employment services outside of Canada, the employee may be subject to taxation in that foreign jurisdiction on the stock option benefit which entails additional tax implications.

When an individual dies holding unexercised stock options, the individual may have a deemed employment benefit arise at death. The deemed income inclusion for the deceased employee will be the difference between the FMV of the option rights immediately after death and the amount paid if any to acquire the stock options. To be eligible for this incentive, the option shares must be publicly-traded securities and the shares or proceeds acquired through exercising the options must be donated to a qualifying charity.

Assuming these qualifications are met, the reduced income inclusion is available if the shares are donated in the year acquired and within 30 days after the option exercise. If the value of the shares decrease in the maximum day period before making the donation, or if only some of the shares or aggregate proceeds received by exercising the options are donated, the tax deduction will be reduced proportionately. As such, you will need to consult with your tax advisor to determine the specific tax implications of your compensation plan and any planning required in your particular situation.