Billion Dollar Day – BBC Documentary


Amitav Mukherji. Amitav's journey in ITC: I joined ITC in , after a short stint of 2 months at an international bank. One of the reasons I made the switch early was a strong desire to experience the challenge of managing industrial relations and even then ITC had a stellar reputation in that area.

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Amitav Mukherji. Amitav's journey in ITC: I joined ITC in , after a short stint of 2 months at an international bank. One of the reasons I made the switch early was a strong desire to experience the challenge of managing industrial relations and even then ITC had a stellar reputation in that area.

FIFA President Gianni Infantino stated, "Everyone discovered a beautiful country, a welcoming country, that is keen to show the world that everything that has been said before might not be true. A lot of preconceived ideas have been changed because people have seen the true nature of Russia. The elimination of the US national team in qualifying led to concerns that US interest and viewership of this World Cup would be reduced especially among "casual" viewers interested in the US team , especially noting how much Fox paid for the rights, and that US games at the World Cup peaked at During a launch event prior to the elimination, Fox stated that it had planned to place a secondary focus on the Mexican team in its coverage to take advantage of their popularity among US viewers factoring Hispanic and Latino Americans.

Fox stated that it was still committed to broadcasting a significant amount of coverage for the tournament. In February , Ukrainian rightsholder UA: PBC stated that it would not broadcast the World Cup. This came in the wake of growing boycotts of the tournament among the Football Federation of Ukraine and sports minister Ihor Zhdanov. Broadcast rights to the tournament in the Middle East were hampered by an ongoing diplomatic crisis in Qatar over alleged support of extremist groups. Qatar is the home country of the region's rightsholder, beIN Sports.

On 2 June , beIN pulled its channels from Du and Etisalat , but with service to the latter restored later that day. Etisalat subsequently announced that it would air the World Cup in the UAE, and continue to offer beIN normally and without interruptions.

On 12 July , FIFA stated that it "has engaged counsel to take legal action in Saudi Arabia and is working alongside other sports rights owners that have also been affected to protect its interests. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other competitions of that name, see World Cup disambiguation. For the video game, see FIFA Not a FIFA member.

Bronnitsy , Moscow Oblast Australia: Kazan , Republic of Tatarstan Belgium: Krasnogorsky , Moscow Oblast Brazil: Sochi , Krasnodar Krai Colombia: Verkhneuslonsky , Republic of Tatarstan Costa Rica: Roshchino , Leningrad Oblast [79] Denmark: Anapa , Krasnodar Krai Egypt: Grozny , Chechen Republic England: Repino , Saint Petersburg [80] France: Istra , Moscow Oblast Germany: Vatutinki , Moscow [81] Iceland: Gelendzhik , Krasnodar Krai Iran: Bakovka, Moscow Oblast Japan: Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan Mexico: Khimki , Moscow Oblast Morocco: Voronezh , Voronezh Oblast Nigeria: Yessentuki , Stavropol Krai Panama: Saransk , Republic of Mordovia Peru: Sochi, Krasnodar Krai Portugal: Ramenskoye , Moscow Oblast Russia: Khimki, Moscow Oblast Saudi Arabia: Kaluga , Kaluga Oblast Serbia: Svetlogorsk , Kaliningrad Oblast South Korea: Krasnodar , Krasnodar Krai Sweden: Gelendzhik, Krasnodar Krai Switzerland: Togliatti , Samara Oblast Tunisia: Pervomayskoye, Moscow Oblast Uruguay: Bor , Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.

FIFA Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers H Host. Luzhniki Stadium , Moscow. Central Stadium , Yekaterinburg. Krestovsky Stadium , Saint Petersburg.

Rostov Arena , Rostov-on-Don. Cosmos Arena , Samara. Volgograd Arena , Volgograd. Fisht Olympic Stadium , Sochi. Mark Geiger United States. Kazan Arena , Kazan. Mordovia Arena , Saransk. Kaliningrad Stadium , Kaliningrad. Antonio Mateu Lahoz Spain. Otkritie Arena , Moscow. Nizhny Novgorod Stadium , Nizhny Novgorod. Matthew Conger New Zealand.

César Arturo Ramos Mexico. Joel Aguilar El Salvador. Jair Marrufo United States. Group stage tiebreakers Notes:. Iniesta Piqué Koke Ramos Aspas. Smolov Ignashevich Golovin Cheryshev.

Cuadrado Muriel Uribe Bacca. Kane Rashford Henderson Trippier Dier. Smolov Dzagoev Fernandes Ignashevich Kuzyayev. Live It Up Nicky Jam song. Association football portal Russia portal s portal. However FIFA has discussed abolishing the competition. Harry Kane 6 goals [1]. Mehdi Abid Charef Algeria. Bamlak Tessema Weyesa Ethiopia. Corey Rockwell United States.

Ricardo Montero Costa Rica. Bertrand Brial New Caledonia. Otkritie Arena Spartak Stadium. Krestovsky Stadium Saint Petersburg Stadium. Fisht Olympic Stadium Fisht Stadium. Central Stadium Ekaterinburg Arena. Advance to knockout stage. Group H vs Poland matchday 2; 24 June. Group C vs France matchday 3; 26 June. Group F vs South Korea matchday 3; 27 June. Group G vs Tunisia matchday 3; 28 June. Round of 16 vs Spain 1 July.

Round of 16 vs Switzerland 3 July. Round of 16 vs Brazil 2 July. Round of 16 vs Sweden 3 July. Quarter-finals vs Uruguay 6 July.

Quarter-finals vs Belgium 6 July. Quarter-finals vs England 7 July. Semi-finals vs France 10 July. Harry Kane 6 goals, 0 assists. Antoine Griezmann 4 goals, 2 assists. Romelu Lukaku 4 goals, 1 assist. The world's longest sea bridge, the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge , links the main urban area of Qingdao with Huangdao district, straddling the Jiaozhou Bay sea areas.

Human settlement in the area dates back 6, years. The Dongyi nationality, one of the important origins of the Chinese nation, lived here and created the Dawenkou , Longshan and Dongyeshi cultures.

In the Eastern Zhou Dynasty B. In , the Qing Empire decided to make coastal Tsingtao Jiao'ao a defense base against naval attack and began to improve its fortifications. Imperial German naval officials observed and reported on this activity during a formal survey of Jiaozhou Bay in May Subsequently, German troops seized and occupied the fortification. Qingdao was its administrative center. Having sold their property, they resettled their homes and fields in the villages further east.

Identified by the German authorities as a strategically important port, Qingdao was administered by the Imperial Department of the Navy Reichsmarineamt rather than the Imperial Colonial Office Reichskolonialamt. The growing Imperial German Navy based their Far East Squadron there, allowing the warships to conduct operations throughout the western Pacific.

Beginning January , the marines of III. Seebataillon were based at Tsingtao. Construction of the Jiaoji Railway began on September 23, , and was completed in Before the outbreak of World War I , ships of the German naval forces under Admiral Count von Spee were located at central Pacific colonies on routine missions.

The fleet then rendezvoused in the Marianas Islands to plan a transit back to Germany rather than be trapped in the Pacific by more powerful and numerous Allied fleets British and Japanese. After a minor British naval attack on the German colony on Shandong in , Japanese Empire troops occupied the city and the surrounding province during the Siege of Tsingtao after Japan's declaration of war on Germany in accordance with the Anglo-Japanese Alliance.

However, Japan maintained its economic dominance of the railway and the province as a whole. Japan re-occupied Qingdao in , a year after its expansion of the Second Sino-Japanese War , a precursor to World War II , with its plans of territorial expansion into China's coast. The development of the Tsingtao urban space during the German-occupation — originated from the port. Mass urban construction began in with the relocation of Chinese dwellers along the coast. The former urban area was extended for four times highlighted by the emphasis on the development of commerce and trade.

Sun Yat-sen — , leader of the Chinese Revolution of and subsequent first president of the Republic of China , visited the Tsingtau area and stated in , "I am impressed. The city is a true model for China's future". The development of Tsingtao urban space during the first Japan-occupation period — In , Tsingtao was taken over by Japanese and served as a base for the exploitation of natural resources of Shandong and northern China.

With the development of industry and commerce, a "New City District" was established to furnish the Japanese colonists with commercial sections and living quarters, which suggested a striking contrast to the shabby houses in the local Chinese zones Li , p. In the meantime, a number of schools, hospitals and public buildings were constructed, followed by urban streets and intercity highways as well.

The urban spatial layout continued to expand northward along the eastern bay area. The development of Tsingtao urban space during the ROC-ruled period — This period saw the substantial progress of the urban development of Tsingtao.

The government engaged itself in mass construction that gave birth to villa districts at the beach and bank groups in CBD. Plenty of public buildings and facilities for the purpose of entertainment and sports were completed. By the year of , the urban population numbered , Lu , p. Tsingtao consequently distinguished itself as a prominent holiday resort and summer retreat. The development of Tsingtao urban space during the second Japan-occupied period — Japan staged a comeback to Tsingtao in and started to strive for the construction of the Greater Tsingtao in the following June.

Accordingly, they worked out the City Planning of the Greater Tsingtao and the City Planning of the Mother Town Tsingtao City Proper , even though they had not had the opportunity to realise them respectively. The period in question did not witness much urban progress except for the logical construction of No. Since the inauguration of China's open-door policy to foreign trade and investment, western Qingdao developed quickly as a port city. It is now the headquarters of the Chinese navy's northern fleet.

An early example of the open-door policy occurred on 5 November , when three United States Naval vessels visited Qingdao. This was the first US port call in more than 37 years to China. Northern Qingdao, particularly Shibei , Licang , and Chengyang districts, are now major manufacturing centers.

The city has recently experienced a strong growth period, with a new central business district created to the east of the older business district. Outside of the center of the city, there is a large industrial zone, which includes chemical processing, rubber and heavy manufacturing, in addition to a growing high-tech area. Numerous local and national service companies, rather than manufacturers, are based in the city's southern district; this, as well as local wind patterns, allows Qingdao to enjoy clean, clear air year round.

Geographically, there are four districts Shinan, Shibei, Licang and Laoshan constituting a peninsula on the east coast of the Jiaozhou Bay as the core urban area, one Chengyang on the north coast and one Xihai'an on the west coast of the Yellow Sea.

Qingdao is located on the south facing coast of the Shandong Peninsula German: It borders three prefecture-level cities, namely Yantai to the northeast, Weifang to the west, and Rizhao to the southwest.

The populated sections of the city are relatively flat while mountains spur up within city limits and nearby. Of the total area of Qingdao, The city has a Qingdao has a temperate, four-season, monsoon -influenced [27] climate that lies in the transition between the humid subtropical Köppen Cwa and humid continental Köppen Dwa regimes, but favouring the former.

Summer is generally hot and humid, but very hot days are rare, with an August average of Due to its proximity to the coast and being on a peninsula, it experiences a one-month delayed spring compared to most inland areas of China, [27] and the annual diurnal temperature variation is only 6. Conversely, autumn is milder than inland areas in Shandong.

The annual mean temperature is During the summer months, the beaches of Qingdao are afflicted by massive algal blooms. The decomposing algae release large amounts of hydrogen sulfide gas, which gives off the odour of rotten eggs. The blooms of sea lettuce , which are partially caused by seaweed farming in Jiangsu Province, led local officials to declare a "large-scale algae disaster" in By the end of , Qingdao was estimated to be the home of about 8 million inhabitants, of which around 3 million reside in the Qingdao urban area.

Another estimated 5 million live in other cities under Qingdao's jurisdiction. The annual birth rate is calculated around 76,, with a birth rate of Living standards are among the highest of leading Chinese cities due to the strong export economy and relatively high family wages.

Qingdao is home to 38 Chinese ethnic minorities , which account for 0. There is a large Korean community in Qingdao. By , there are approximately , Koreans working, studying and living in Qingdao, which makes Qingdao the second in terms of Korean population in China, following Beijing which has about , Koreans.

An important region in Eastern China, Shandong Province has seen substantial change in its economic landscape in recent years. Much of this development has been concentrated in Qingdao. With an annual growth rate of In , Qingdao was ranked one of six "golden cities" by the World Bank, out of Chinese cities assessed on factors including investment climate and government effectiveness.

Internationally, Qingdao is perhaps best known for its Tsingtao Brewery , founded by a German-British joint venture in that produces Tsingtao beer , the best-known Chinese export beer. It is also home to Haier , a large white goods manufacturer, and Hisense , a major electronics company. In guitar manufacturers Epiphone opened a factory in Qingdao. Along with this district, the entire city had gone through amazing development of secondary and tertiary industries.

As an important trading port in the province, Qingdao flourishes with foreign investment and international trade. South Korea and Japan in particular made extensive investment in the city. Approximately 80, South Korean citizens reside there. Construction proceeds at a relatively Template: Weasal-inline fast pace in Qingdao. Qingdao has a zigzagging pattern coastline, and thus possesses an invaluable stock of fish, shrimp , and other sea resources.

Qingdao is also home to a variety of mineral resources. Up to thirty different kinds have been mined. Qingdao's wind power electricity generation performs at among the highest levels in the region.

These provincial expressways begin in or pass through Qingdao. Expressways that begin in Qingdao are in Bold:. Other than Expressways, there are also National Highways that pass through or begin in Qingdao.

National Highways that begin in Qingdao are in bold:. On June 30, , the longest bridge over water opened in Qingdao. The bridge, Haiwan Bridge , is It would easily cross the English Channel and is almost three miles 4. Haiwan Bridge is supported by more than 5, pillars and costs about 10 billion yuan which is about 1. The bridge was designed by the Shandong Gausu Group and the construction lasted for four years.

Haiwan Bridge cut the commute between the city of Qingdao and the sprawling suburb of Huangdao by 30 minutes. At least 10, workers toiled in two teams around the clock to build the bridge, which was constructed from opposite ends.

The tunnel brought much convenience to people by supporting public buses and making transport between the two areas more convenient. Also see Port of Qingdao. Qingdao port international co. Cooperative relations have been established with ports in countries worldwide. In , the annual cargo handling capacity exceeded million tons for the first time. The number of containers reached 3. There are two ferry lines connecting Qingdao with South Korea. Qingdao port also includes a number of large adjacent ports including Dongjiakou.

In , Qingdao Liuting International Airport was the 16th busiest airport in the People's Republic of China with 11,, passengers. A new civil aviation airport with much larger capacities will be built in Jiaozhou District.

Qingdao's railway development was picked up during the late s. It is at the beginning of the Jiaoji Railway. Qingdao's public traffic owns large and medium-sized buses, CNG buses as of [update].

There are also trolleybuses as of [update]. Non air-conditioned busses cost 1 yuan, The volume of road passenger transport approaches 0. Metro Line 3 is the first line in function and opened on 16 December In the long term, the city plans to build eight subway lines in downtown and some suburban districts, which account for There is a large number of German-style buildings in Qingdao city centre, remarkable considering the German colonial period only lasted 16 years —